Course code:                 ECON 2005

Course Title:                  Social and Economic Accounting

Level:                             2           

Semester:                       2

No. of Credits:                 3

Pre-requisite(s):           ECON 1001, ECON 1002 and ACCT 1002

 

Course Description

This course is intended to prepare students to understand the theory and practice of Social and Economic Accounting so as to allow the future professional to:

  • Describe the core concepts, definitions and classifications of accounting in economics.
  • Use the data published by the official and quasi official agencies to evaluate and analyse    the economic process and as an aid in economic planning.
  • Apply the knowledge acquired in further work of model building and economic analysis.
  • Understand the fundamental concepts necessary to evaluate current global issues, its impact on an economy and provide recommendations.

 

Purpose of the Course

This course recognises that students will be required to perform analytical work as it relates to analysing economies utilising macroeconomic variables to make informed decisions. This course provides students with the solid understanding of the interpretation and to a lesser extent the construction of these variables to make practical and informed decisions.

 

Course Content

 

The topics to be covered are:

 

SECTION 1: INTERPRETATION OF MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES

 

At the end of this unit, you should be able to:

 

  • Examine macroeconomic variables used to assess an economy’s performance.
  • Give reasons for the importance of these measurements.
  • Give examples of macro-economic variables and their usefulness.
  • Identify the problems involved in the compilation and measurement.
  • Provide solutions to the problems identified.
  • Explain current issues and its impact on macroeconomic variables/economy

(this is a major component of the course and students should review global issues with an               understanding of the impact to world economies) 

 

SECTION 2: AN INTRODUCTION TO NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING

 

At the end of this unit, you should be able to:

 

  1. Define National Economic Accounting
  1. Compare the three methods of measuring National Income
  1. Demonstrate the sequence of accounts currently in practice.
  1. Identify data sources and collect published National Income data.
  2. Give examples of macro-economic variables and explain their usefulness.
  1. Identify the problems involved in the compilation and uses of National Accounts.
  2. Provide solutions to the problems identified.
  3. Recognise the difference between the various concepts (GDP, GNP, NDI).
  1. Difference between constant and current prices.
  2. Construction, calculation and measurement of sections of the National Account.

 

SECTION 3: BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

 

At the end of this unit, you should be able to:

  1. Gather information on Balance of Payments (BOP) Statistics.
  1. Analyse a BOP statement.
  1. Construct sections of a BOP statement from given data.
  2. Calculate important balances and indicate their usefulness.
  3. Describe the contents of the current and capital accounts.
  1. Express the relationship between BOP and National Accounts mathematically.

 

SECTION 4: FLOWS, STOCKS, GROUPINGS AND ACCOUNTING RULES

 

This section will enable you to:

  1. Analyse the flows and stocks in the system.
  1. Differentiate between flows and stocks.
  1. Determine how stocks and flows recorded.
  2. List the main industries and sectors in the economy.
  3. State the main accounting rules in the system.

 

 

SECTION 5: FRAMEWORK OF ACCOUNTS: CURRENT ANDACCUMULATION ACCOUNTS AND BALANCE SHEET.

At the end of this unit, you should be able to:

 

  1. List all the accounts that comprise the current accounts.
  1. Distinguish between resources and uses.
  1. Construct the following accounts – Production a/c, Distribution & Use a/c, Capital a/c, Financial Account.
  1. Identify balancing item in each account.
  2. Explain the usefulness of each account and its balancing item.
  1. Determine the sequence of accounts.

 

SECTION 6: THE PRODUCTION ACCOUNT, SUPPLY AND USE TABLES INPUT AND OUTPUT TABLES/MATRIX.

This section will enable you to:

 

  1. List the main components of the production account.
  1. Show in diagrammatic format or T-account the production account
  1. Calculate the output of particular industries.
  2. Distinguish some boundary problems as they relate to production and intermediate consumption.
  1. Construct production accounts and calculation of consumption of fixed capital.
  1. Re-construct the data from the production, generation of income accounts and the               goods and services account into a different format i.e. Matrix format.
  1. Analyse the Supply and Use tables and construct the input/output table.
  2. Calculate the A-Matrix, the Leontief inverse matrix.
  1. Outline the purpose and uses of the input/output tables.

 

SECTION 7: PRICE AND VOLUME MEASURES

 

This section will enable you to:

 

  1. Determine the factors affecting price movements.
  1. Explain the various types of index numbers and applicability of each type.
  1. Differentiate between fixed-base and chain-base indices.
  1. Differentiate among Laspeyres, Paasche, Fisher and Marshall Edgeworth indices.
  2. Demonstrate how quality changes can be excluded from price changes.
  3. Distinguish between nominal and real growth.

 

  1. Identify the differences in National Income at constant prices and constant dollars.
  2. List the methods to obtain GDP in constant prices.
  3. Determine the usefulness of GDP in constant prices.

 

 

Goals of the Course

This course is primarily focused on providing students with knowledge necessary in measuring various social and economic variables and provides an interpretation of these variables in the context of everyday life, utilising Caribbean countries (but not limited to) as the example.

 

Teaching and Learning Strategies

The primary teaching strategy used for this course will be a weekly interactive two hour lecture. Students will also need to exercise their own initiative in further developing areas explored within these interactive lectures. Readings will also be provided which will have to be prepared for discussion both at lectures and tutorials.

 

In addition to a two hour lecture, students will be required to attend a weekly one hour tutorial where practical assignment will reinforce the material covered within the lectures.

 

Note: In line with Regulation 19, a 75% tutorial attendance is required and will be enforced. Failure to achieve this will result in the student being debarred from writing the final examination.

 

Course Resources

Selected Readings:

***Harripaul Arjoon “The Balance of Payments Accounts: Explanation of concepts, definitions, meanings and Uses” Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago, Quarterly Economic Bulletin, Sept 1992.

***Barkay, Richard M. “National Accounting as a Planning Tool in Less Developed Countries: Lessons of Experience” Review of Income and Wealth December 75 Vol. 21 Issue 4 p 349-369.

Coker, Kenneth and Harripaul, Arjoon “Quarterly Reporting of the Balance of Payments – A Note” Central Bank Of Trinidad and Tobago, Quarterly Economic Bulletin, June 1990.

***Robinson, Fedrica “Balance of Payments made simple Bank of Jamaica Pamphlet No. 8

***Seers, Dudley “The Political Economy of National Accounting” Employment, Income Distribution and Development Strategy: Problems of the Developing Countries

***Seers, Dudley “What are we trying to Measure” Journal of Development Studies, Volume 8 Issue 3 1972.

Course Assessment

The course will be evaluated on the basis of a final examination and coursework. The final examination will represent 80% of the final mark and the coursework will be 20% of the final mark. The coursework may incorporate a project or a midterm examination or both.

 

MID-TERM EXAMINATION: Week 8

 

Course Assignments

The following is a tentative outline of the assignments students will be required to prepare before coming to tutorials. Tutorials are carded to commence in the 3rd week of semester

 

Tutorial 1 & 2:

 

Tutorial Sheet 1

Tutorial 3 & 4:

 

Tutorial Sheet 2

Tutorial 5 & 6:

 

Tutorial Sheet 3

Tutorial 6 & 7:

 

Tutorial Sheet 4

Tutorial 8 & 9:

 

Final examination: May 2006 Question 3; April 2005 Questions 1 & 2A, May 2004 Question 2.

Tutorial 10:

 

Final examination: May 2009 Question 2; May 2008 Question 3; May 2007 Question 2; April 2005 Question 2B, May 2004 Question 3.c), May 2002 Question 3.

 

 

COURSE SCHEDULE

Week

Topics

1

Welcome and Orientation (Introduction to the course)                   Interpretation to Macroeconomic Variables

2

Interpretation of Macroeconomic Variables

3

Review of National Income and an Introduction to National Income Accounting

4

5

Balance of Payments Analysis

6

Sequence of Accounts: Stocks and Flows and Framework for Accounts

7

8

Mid-term Examination

9

The Production Account, Supply and Use Tables and Input/Output Tables

10

11

Price and Volume Measures: Introduction to Price Indices

12

13

Revision