International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad
The ICGT is a field genebank consisting 16 cocoa trees per plot planted at a spacing of 1.83m x 1.83m within ~100 acres. In addition to conservation, the ICGT also hosts research and has irrigation facilities. The following table shows the composition of the ICGT.
|T. cacao (no.)||2400|
|- wild (%)||29|
|- farmer fields (%)||50|
|- breeding lines (%)||6|
|- others (%)||15|
|- local (%)||7|
|- regional (%)||92|
|- introduced (%)||1|
|Other Theobroma spp||4|
|Related genera (no.)||14|
|Acquisitions 10 yrs (no.)||270|
|Genetic erosion 10 yrs (no.)||25|
|Genebank size (hectares)||40|
From the inception of cocoa research in Trinidad and Tobago, the task of assembling the ICGT has spanned over sixty years of virtually continuous effort. A large part of this success is owed to the cadre of a succession of reputable scientists associated with this historical centre of excellence in cocoa research. For more information on the genetic resources of the ICGT, please visit the International Cocoa Germplasm Database and the Trinitario Cacao Resource.
Bekele, F.L., Butler, D.R. and Bidaisee, G.G. (2008a). Upper Amazon Forastero cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) 1: An assessment of phenotypic relationships in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) Vol 85 No. 1 January 2008: 1-15
Bekele, F.L., A.D. Iwaro, Butler, D.R. and Bidaisee, G.G. (2008b). Upper Amazon Forastero cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) 2: An overview of Parinari clones from a breeder’s perspective. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad). Vol 85 No. 1 January 2008: 16-33.
Motilal, L., Zhang, D., Umaharan,P., Mischke, B.S., Pinney, S.M., Meinhardt, L.W. 2011. Microsatellite fingerprinting in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad: Accession and plot homogeneity information for germplasm management. Plant Genetic Resources. 9:430-438.
Motilal, L., Zhang, D., Umaharan, P., Mischke, B.S., Mooleedhar, V., Meinhardt, L.W. (2010). The relic Criollo cacao in Belize- genetic diversity and relationship with Trinitario and other cacao clones held in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization. Plant Genetic Resources 8: 106-115
Sukha, D.A.; Bharath, S.M; Ali, N.A and Umaharan, P. (2014). An Assessment of the Quality Attributes of the Imperial College Selections (ICS) Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) Clones. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1047:237-243http://www.actahort.org/books/1047/1047_29.htm
“The genome of Theobroma cacao” Nature Genetics Volume:43, Pages:101–108 (2011)
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