INRL 6003


Dr. Jacqueline Laguardia Martinez



There is no required book for this course. Most resources will be available as virtual documents and media, including academic articles at the library database of IIR and UWI, as well as newspapers and daily press reports.


Topic 1. What is ‘Small’?

  1. Armstrong, W. and R. Read, ‘Small States, Islands and Small States that are also Islands’, Studies in Regional Science, 2002 Volume 33 Issue 1, pp. 237-260 Click here

  2. Baldacchino, Godfrey. ‘Mainstreaming the study of small states and territories’,  Small States & Territories, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, pp. 3-16 Click here

  3. Crowards, Tom. ‘Defining The Category Of ‘Small’ States’, Journal of International Development, 2002 Click here

  4. Katzenstein, P. J. ‘Small States and Small States Revisited’, New Political Economy, 8, 1, 2003. Click here

  5. Lee, Donna and Nicola J. Smith, ‘Small State Discourses in the International Political Economy’, Third World Quarterly, 31:7, 2010, pp. 1091-1105 Click here (Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)

  6. Maass, Matthias. ‘The elusive definition of the small state’, International Politics Vol. 46, 2009, pp. 65-83 Click here

  7. Max Everest-Phillips. ‘Small, So Simple?, Complexity in Small Island Developing States’, 2014 UNDP Global Centre for Public Service Excellence Click here

  8. Rabby, Md. Fazle. ‘Small states in international relations: rearranging the puzzle of defining the ‘Small State’, Foreign Affairs Insights & Review, 2015 Click here

  9. Sutton, Paul. ‘The Concept of Small States in the International Political Economy’, The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs Publication, 2011 (Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)

  10. Thorhallsson, Baldur. ‘Studying small states: A review’. Small States & Territories, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, pp. 17-34 Click here


Topic 2. Small States in the International System

  1. Bauböck, R. ‘A Multilevel Theory of Democratic Secession’, Ethnopolitics, 18:3, 2019, pp. 227-246.
  2. Browning, Christopher S. ‘Small, Smart and Salient? Rethinking Identity in the Small States Literature’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Volume 19, Number 4, December 2006 (Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)

  3. Byron, J. ‘Relations with the European Union and the United Kingdom Post- BREXIT: Perspectives from the Caribbean’, in La Caraïbe dans le partenariat stratégique euro-latino-américain UE-CELAC, E. Dubesset and C. Quenan (eds.),  2019, pp. 209 – 228.(Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)
  4. Chong, Alan. ‘The Foreign Policy Potential Of “Small State Soft Power’  Information Strategies, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Volume 23, 2010 - Issue 3 Click here

  5. Jazbec, M. ‘Small States and Diplomacy: An Indispensable, though Much Diversified Relation’, Halduskultuur – Administrative Culture 11 (1), 2010, pp. 66-83. Click here

  6. Kassimeris, C. ‘The Foreign Policy of Small Powers’, International Politics, 46, 1, 2009 Click here

  7. Nilaus Tarp, Maria and Jens Ole Bach Hansen, ‘Size and Influence. How small states influence policy making in multilateral arenas’, DIIS Working Paper Click here

  8. Okunev, Igor. Statehood and Stateness in Small States, Paper for the 6th ECPR General Conference (Section: Small states in the global economy: Comparative perspectives, Panel: Small States and Their Capabilities), Reykjavik, 25-27.08. 2011. Click here

  9. Panke, D. The Influence of Small States in the EU: Structural Disadvantages and Counterstrategies, UCD, Dublin European Institute Working Paper 08-3, May 2008. Click here
  10. Scheldrup, Macklin. ‘Lilliputian Choice: Explaining Small State’, Foreign Policy Variation Spring 2014 Click here

  11. Vital, David. ‘The Inequality of States: A Study of the Small Powers in International Relations’, Small States in International Relations, (ed. Christine Ingebritsen), University of Washington Press, 2006, pp. 77-88 Call number: JC365 .V5 (NGL-General)

  12. Wettenhall, Roger. ‘A journey through small state governance’, Small States & Territories, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, pp. 111-128. Click here

  13. Vlcek, W. ‘A level playing field and the space for small states’, Journal of International Relations and Development, 2009


Topic 3. Climate Change and SIDS

  1. Beardsworth, R. ‘Climate science, the politics of climate change and futures of IR’, International Relations, 2020 (0), pp. 1– 17. Click here

  2. Betzold, C. ‘Borrowing’ Power to Influence International Negotiations: AOSIS in theClimate Change Regime, 1990–1997ponl_ 131..148, POLITICS: 2010 Vol. 30(3), pp. 131–148. Click here

  3. Bernard, Godfrey St. Measuring social vulnerability in Caribbean states, 8th SALISES Annual Conference Crisis, Chaos and Change: Caribbean Development Challenges in the 21st Century, March, 2007 Click here

  4. Bishop, M. L. and Payne ‘Climate Change and the Future of Caribbean Development’, Journal of Development Studies, 48, 10, 2012 Click here

  5. Deitelhoff, Nicole and Linda Wallbott. ‘Beyond soft balancing: small states and coalition-building in the ICC and climate negotiations’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Volume 25, Number 3, September 2012 (Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)

  6. Kelman, I. and West ‘Climate Change and Small Island Developing States: A Critical Review’, Ecological and Environmental Anthropology, 5, 1, 2009 Click here

  7. Kelman, I., Gaillard, J.C. & Mercer, ‘Climate Change’s Role in Disaster Risk Reduction’s Future: Beyond Vulnerability and Resilience’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, March 2015, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp. 6: 21. Click here

  8. Kelman, Ilan and Jennifer J. West, ‘Climate Change and Small Island Developing States: A Critical Review’, Ecological and Environmental Anthropology, 2009, Vol. 5, No. 1 Click here

  9. Malatesta, Stefano. ‘International actors as policymakers? Discussing the influence of international actors on the environmental policies of small island states’, Small States & Territories, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, pp. 95-110 Click here

  10. Pulwarty, R. S., Nurse and Trotz ‘Caribbean Islands in a Changing Climate’, Environment:Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 52, 6, 2010 (Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)

  11. Scobie, Michelle. ‘The 2014 Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States: Regional Preparations and Perspectives’, Caribbean Journal of International Relations & Diplomacy, Vol. 1, No. 3, September 2013: pp.31-45 Click here

  12. Singh, Asha. ‘Environmental Governance in Small Island Developing States’, Anuario de Integración 10 | Año 2014 Click here


Topic 4. Development Strategies for Small States

  1. Baldacchino, G. and Bertram ‘The Beak of the Finch: Insights into the Economic  Development of Small Economies’, The Round Table, 98, 401, 2009 Click here

  2. Bertram, Geoff. The MIRAB Model in the 21st Century, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, Vol. 47, No. 1, April 2006, pp1–13  Click here

  3. Briguglio, Lino et al., Toward an Outward-Oriented Development Strategy for Small States: Issues, Opportunities, and Resilience Building. A Review of the Small States Agenda Proposed in the Commonwealth/World Bank Joint Task Force Report of April 2000, August 8, 2006 Click here

  4. Chowdhury, Anis. ‘Growth Oriented Macroeconomic Policies for Small Islands Economies. Lessons from Singapore’, Research Paper No. 2008/47, April 2008 Click here

  5. Girvan, Norman. ‘The Caribbean in a Turbulent World’, in Mace, Gordon, Andrew Cooper and Timothy Shaw (eds) Inter-American Cooperation at a Crossroads: International Political Economy Series. Palgrave Macmillan. 2010 Call number: F1418 .I5953 2011 (NGL-General; AJL-General)

  6. Gomes, Charmaine. The case of small island developing States of the Caribbean: The challenge of building resilience, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, 3 April 2014 Click here

  7. Griffith, W.H., ‘Caricom Countries and the Irrelevance of Economic Smallness’, Third World Quarterly. 28, 5, 2007 Click here

  8. Guillaumont, P. ‘Assessing the Economic Vulnerability of Small Island Developing States and the Least Developed Countries’, Journal of Development Studies, 45, 5, 2010 Click here

  9. Oberst, Ashley and Jerome L. McElroy, Contrasting Socio-Economic and Demographic Profiles of Two, Small Island, Economic Species: MIRAB versus PROFIT/SITE, ‘Island Studies Journal’, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2007, pp. 163-176 Click here

  10. Verweij, Marco and Riccardo Pelizzo (2009), 'Singapore: Does Authoritarianism Pay?', Journal of Democracy, Volume 20, Number 2, April, pp. 18-32 Click here


Topic 5. Regionalism and Integration

  1. Bishop, M. L. and Payne ‘Caribbean Regional Governance and the Sovereignty/Statehood Problem’ CIGI Caribbean Paper No 8, 2009 Click here

  2. Coordinadora Regional de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (CRIES), El regionalismo “post–liberal” en América Latina y el Caribe: Nuevos actores, nuevos temas, nuevos desafíos, Anuario 9. 2012 Click here

  3. Lewis, Vaughan A. What Purposes for CARICOM Integration Today?,  paper read as the Third Sir Arthur Lewis Lecture in the University of the West Indies, St Augustine’s 2008 Nobel Laureate Celebrations, on 15th April 2008. Click here

  4. Mohammed, D. ‘Size and Competitiveness: An Examination of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME), The Round Table, 97, 395, 2008. Click here

  5. Muzaka, Valbona and Matthew Louis Bishop, Doha stalemate: The end of trade multilateralism? Review of International Studies Click here

  6. Ramsaran, R and R Hosein. ‘CARICOM:  Some  Salient  Factors  Affecting  Trade  and Competitiveness’, The Round Table, 97, 396, 2008. Click here

  7. Read, R. ‘The Implications of Increasing Globalization and Regionalism for the Economic Growth of Small Island States’, World Development. 32, 2, 2004 Click here


Topic 6. Small States in a Globalized World

  1. Adger, W. Neil. ‘Climate Change, Human Well-Being and Insecurity’, New Political Economy, 15:2, 275-292, 2010 Click here

  2. Areng, Liina. ‘Lilliputian States In Digital Affairs And Cyber Security’, Tallinn Paper No. 4., 2014 Click here

  3. Bailes, Alyson JK. Non-Military Security Challenges For Small States: A Framework for Policy Analysis, Reykjavik, August 2011 Click here

  4. Chaitoo, Ramesh, The Entertainment Sector in CARICOM. Key Challenges and Proposals for Action, Inter-American Development Bank, Technical Note, No. IDB-TN-514, April 2013 Click here

  5. Dubrie A. and others, “Synthesis of the Caribbean subregion midterm review report of the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway”, Studies and Perspectives series- ECLAC Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean, No. 83 (LC/TS.2019/117- C/CAR/TS.2019/6), Santiago, ECLAC, 2019. Click here
  6. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, The 2030 Agenda and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 2016 Click here

  7. Girvan, Norman. Caribbean integration: can cultural production succeed where politics and economics have failed? (Confessions of a Wayward Economist), presentation at The Colloquium, “The Caribbean That Unites Us”, Festival del Caribe, Santiago de Cuba, 5 July 2012. Click here

  8. Hendrickson, Michael et al., ‘Creative industries in the Caribbean: a new road for diversification and export growth’, ECLAC – Studies and Perspectives series – The Caribbean – No. 19, Port of Spain, July 2012 Click here

  9. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). LAC post COVID-19: challenges and opportunities, 2020. Click here
  10. Kelman, I. 2006. ‘Island Security and Disaster Diplomacy in the Context of Climate Change’, Les Cahiers de la Sécurité, vol. 63, pp. 61-94. Click here

  11. Kelman, I., Difficult decisions: Migration from Small Island Developing States under climate change, 8 April 2015 (Availble-Ebscohost, ask Library Staff how to access it)

  12. Nurse, Keith, The Creative Sector in CARICOM: The Economic and Trade Policy Dimensions, prepared for CARICOM Secretariat, July 2009 Click here

  13. Rabellotti, Roberta and Elisa Giuliani, Clusters in the Caribbean. Understanding their Characteristics, Defining Policies for their Development, Discussion Paper N.IDB-DP-498, March 2017 Click here

  14. SELA, Cultural and Creative Industries: Elements for a Cooperation Programme among Latin American and Caribbean Countries, XXXVI Regular Meeting of the Latin American Council Caracas, Venezuela, 27 to 29 October 2010 Click here

  15. Stojanov Robert; Ilan Kelman Shawn Shen Barbora Duží Himani Upadhyay Dmytro Vikhrov G.J. Lingaraj Arabinda Mishra, ‘Contextualising typologies of environmentally induced population movement’, Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 23 Iss 5, 2014,  pp. 508 – 523 Click here

  16. Throsby, David, ‘Development Strategies for Pacific Island Economies: Is There a Role for the Cultural Industries?’,  Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 370–382 Click here

  17. Upadhyay, Himani; Ilan Kelman Lingaraj G J Arabinda Mishra Cheney Shreve Robert Stojanov, ‘Conceptualizing and contextualizing research and policy for links between climate change and migration’, International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 7 Iss 3, 2015, pp. 394 – 417 Click here


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