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INRL 6020

Research Methods and Proposal Writing

Dr. Godfrey St. Bernard


Main Reading Texts

  1. Babbie, Earl (2001) The Practice of Social Research, Eleventh Edition, Wadsworth Publishing Company Call number: H62 .B2 2010 (NGL-Reserve)

  2. Berg, Bruce, L (1998) Quanlitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences – Third Edition, Allyn and Bacon Call number: H61 .B4715 2007 (NGL-General; AJL-General)

  3. Bernard, H. Russell (2000) Social Research Methods – Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, Sage Publications Inc. Call number: H62 .B439 2000 (NGL-Reserve; AJL-General)

  4. Bryman, Alan (1988) Quantity and Quality in Social Research, Routledge Call number: H62 .B785 1988 (NGL-Reserve; AJL-General)

  5. Creswell, John, W (1998) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design – Choosing Among Five Traditions, Sage Publications Call number: H61 .C73 2007 (NGL-Reserve)

  6. Gray. David, E. (2009) Doing Research in the Real World, Second Edition, Sage Publications Call number: H62 .G72 2009 (NGL-General)

  7. Patton,Michael Quinn (1990) Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods, Second Edition, Sage Publications Call number: H62 .P3218 2002 (NGL-General; AJL-General)

  8. Saunders, Mark, Philip Lewis and Adrian Thornhill (2003) Research Methods for Business Students, Third Edition, Prentice Hall Call number: HD30.4 .S28 2007 (NGL-General)


Supplementary Reading Texts

  1. Bryman, Alan and Duncan Cramer (1999) Quantitative Data Analysis – A Guide for Social Scientists, Routledge Call number: HA32 .B793 1996 (NGL-Reserve)

  2. Miller, Delbert, C and Neil J. Salkind (editors) (2002) Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement, Sixth Edition, Sage Publications (Chapter by John Creswell and Raymond Maietta) Call number: H62 .M44 2002 (NGL-Reserve)

  3. Neuman, W. Lawrence (1997) Social Research Methods, Third Edition, Allyn and Bacon Call number: HM571 .N48 2011 (NGL-General/Reserve; AJL-Reserve)

  4. Shively, W. Phillips (1980) The Craft of Political Research, Second Edition, Prentice Hall Call number: JA71 .S45 2009 (NGL-Reserve)

  5. Singleton, Royce, A, Bruce C. Straits and Margaret Miller Straits (1993) Approaches to Social Research, Second Edition, Oxford University Press Call number: H62 .S477 2010 (NGL-Reserve)

  6. Sommer, Barbara and Robert Sommer (1997)   A Practical Guide to Behavioural Research:  Tools and Techniques - Fourth Edition, Oxford University Press Call number: H62 .S72 2002 (NGL-Reserve)

  7. Welch, Susan and John Cramer (2001)  Quantitative Methods for Public Administration: Techniques and Applications, 3rd Edition, Harcourt Inc. Call number: JF1411 .W45 2006 (NGL-Reserve)


Note:  Additional articles and other reading material may be recommended


Topic Readings


Topic 1:    The Nature and Essence of Research as a Process

Readings - Bernard: Chapters 1 and 3; Babbie: Chapters 1 to 3, Gray: Chapters 1 and 2


Topic 2:    Qualitative versus Quantitative Research Traditions

Readings – Bernard: Chapter 11, Creswell: Chapter 4 and Bryman: Chapters 2 and 3; Berg: Chapter 1; Gray: Chapters 6, 7and 8


Topic 3:    Research Design and Options associated with Qualitative and Quantitative Traditions

Readings - Bernard: Chapter 2; Babbie: Chapters 4 and 5; Creswell: Chapter 2 and Chapter 3; Berg: Chapter 2; Gray: Chapters 9-12  


Topic 4:    Accessing and Reviewing the Literature

Reading - Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill: Chapters 3; Gray: Chapter 5


Topic 5:    Conceptualization and Measurement

Readings - Babbie: Chapters on “Conceptualization and Measurement” and “Operationalization”


Topic 6:    Issues and Challenges in Sampling  and Experimentation

Readings - Bernard: Chapters 4 and 5; Babbie: Chapters 8, 9 and 13; Patton: Chapter 5, pp169-186


Topic 7:    Data Collection Issues and Challenges

Readings – Bernard: Chapters 6 to 10; Babbie: Chapters 6, 7, 10 and 11; Creswell: Chapter 7; Gray: Chapters 13-16


Topic 8:    Data Preparation and Evaluation of Quality

Readings – Singleton et al: Chapter 14; Creswell: Chapter 10; Patton: Chapter 9


Topic 9:    Analyzing Quantitative Data

Readings - Bernard: Chapters 14 to 16; Babbie: Chapters 14 to 17; Gray: Chapter 17


Topic 10:  Analyzing Qualitative Data

Readings - Bernard: Chapters 12 and 13; Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill: Chapter 12; Creswell: Chapter 8; Gray: Chapter 18


Topic 11:  Ethical Issues, Proposal and Report Writing

Readings - Babbie: Chapter 18 and Appendix C; Berg: Chapter 3 and 12; Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill: Chapters 2 (Section 2.5), 5 and 13; Gray: Chapters 4, 19 and 20

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