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SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY Professor of Tropical Island Ecology Head Department of Life Sciences Tel 868 662 2002 ext. 83095 E-mail PROF. JOHN AGARD Summary of Research Contribution The research of Professor John Agard is broadly focussed on the area of sustainability science with an emphasis on environmental management methods and decision-support tool development ecosystem services marketing and climate change adaptation. Sustainability science is the study of the complex coupled interac- tions between humans and nature and is driven by concerns about finding the right balance between conserving nature and providing for the needs of society. Its main question is to find a practical model for development which optimizes the tradeoffs required by the long term thinking necessary to assess the functioning of ecological systems as opposed to the short-term timeframes typical in human social systems e.g 5 year election cycles. Through research and application at the University of the West Indies Professor Agard is contributing to mainstreaming environmental sustainability in development planning at interna- tionalregional and local levels. In his personal research Professor Agard is addressing two contrasting questions viz. What affects biodiversity E.g. pollution land clearing climate change and the more important question -What does biodiversity affect or in other words why is biodiversity important E.g. the provision of ecosystem services such as foodwaterwaste degradationerosion protectionnutrient cycling crop pollination and amenity which are important to human well-being e.g.nutritionhealthrecreationsense of place. Current research plans are focussed on developing markets for ecosystem services with an emphasis on non-carbon markets and with the ultimate intention of introducing ecosystem services valuation into national economic and planning frameworks. Two main research projects are currently being pursued along with collaborators. These projects are the Project for Ecosystem Services which is funded by the Global Environment Facility. Global to Local Caribbean Socio-Economic Climate Change Scenarios The National RestorationCarbon SequestrationWildlife and Livelihoods Project The main objectives of the respective projects are The Project for Ecosystem Services ProEcoServ is a UN GEF- funded umbrella project aiming at piloting the bundling of ecosystem services and the integration of ecosystem services approaches into resource management and decision making. The overall goal of the project is to better integrate ecosystem assessment scenario development and economic valuation of ecosystem services into sustainable national development planning. Influence of the TT ProEcoServ project has been demonstrated by inclusion of a section on the project from pages 31-32 of its the Government of Trinidad and Tobago TT key policy document on sustainable development titled Working for Sustainable Development in Trinidad and Tobago. The Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Environ- ment and Water Resources is the Chair of the ProEcoServ National Steering Committee. Ecosystem services are now included in the National Spatial Development Strategy for Trinidad and Tobago which is a requirement of the Planning and Facilitation of Development of Land Act 2014. Field work on the mapping and valuation of ecosystem services has been ongoing in Nariva Swamp Caura Valley and South-West Tobago with an additional site at Caroni Swamp funded by the GORTT-UWI RDI Fund Another aspect of the project is developing exploratory natural capital accounts for carbon water and biodiversity using the UN Statistical Division System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012 standard. ProecoServ TT is also developing along with the Green Fund of the Ministry of Planning and Sustainable Development a pilot Payment-for-Ecosystem ServicesEcofinance scheme. The Global to Local Caribbean Socio-Economic Climate Change Scenarios GoLoCarSce project. The overall objective of this research is to help Small Island Developing States in the Caribbean better understand and manage the projected effects of CCto improve resilience and build adaptive capacity as a means of promoting more sustainable forms of develop- ment and sustainable livelihoods. The project will downscale Global Climate Model projec- tions e.g. rainfall and temperature for the Representative Concentration Pathways e.g. RCP4.5 and RCP 8.6 Wm2 used in the 2014 IPCC 5th Assessment to 10km2 in the Caribbean. The projections will then be fed to a set of Tier 2 models to assess projects impacts on water availability vector borne human diseases agriculture forests ecosystems and coastal vulnerability. These results will be fed to a set of economic models to project economic impacts and inform climate change adaptation plans.The expected results of this research are a set of robust socio-economic scenarios for the Caribbean which examine the medium to long-term effects of CC 2035 100