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24 FOREWORD In addition to showcasing the diverse and interesting research initiatives of the The UWI St.Augustine Campusthis 2015 edition of the research publication is unique in that it places the spotlight on impact. Moving beyond the traditional scholarly contribution of research activities the societal impact of univer- sity research is an issue that has over the years become the subject of much debate analysis and interrogation. For persons working in the area of research management as well as research evaluation and assessment particularly in environments where impact has been linked to funding allocations it is a contested sphere. Nevertheless it is one that has been engaging the atten- tion of universities worldwide in an attempt to better convey the direct and indirect contributions of university research to improving society and the well-being of its citizens. Despite the challenges of attribution the non-linear process of achieving impact and the extended lag time between research and its effectscalls for greater evidence and more refined indica- tors of impact have been intense as these are considered essen- tial to better justify large public investment in university research. Research impact - the impact of university research on society - is therefore now considered central to what is often referred to as the third mission of the university and to the universitys ability to effectively execute its mandate in contem- porary knowledge economies. Established in 2012 The UWI-Trinidad and Tobago Research and Development Impact Fund RDI Fund has served as an important instrument for strengthening the integration of an impact focus in the Campus research initiatives. It emanated from the Campus Principals vision for a more targeted use of the annual government contribution of approximately TT7- 9million so that the Campus research effort would not be dispersed but rather build a critical mass of scholarly inquiry into solutions to national and regional development challenges. Thus the RDI Fund sought not only to create a framework with six thematic research areas reflecting the most pressing development issues in Trinidad and Tobago and the wider Caribbean but also to put in place a rigorous process for the selection monitoring progress reporting and evaluation of RDI Fund projects. In so doing it has served as a catalyst for re- positioning the relevance recognition and value-added of the Campus research in the eyes of non-specialist audiences and the wider society. By supporting projects that are conceptualized and structured in a way that prepares the foundation for develop- ment impact in the short to medium term and by encouraging university researchers to plan for impact in their approach to project execution activities e.g. stakeholder engagement data analysis reporting research communications etc the RDI Fund is in keeping with its mandate helping to bridge academic scholarship with societal impact. For some this has meant demystifying The UWI research which in the past had been criticized as too esoteric and disconnected from the daily concerns of the man or woman on the street. For others it has meant a re-configuration of the research space bringing in new research partners and participants from much earlier in the research process and the project cycle opening doors to new possibilities strengthening linkages that are critical to influenc- ing public policy and practice ensuring the translation and application of research to product development and process improvement building innovative platforms for added dimen- sions of teaching and research content and of course shaping new thinking on issues of national and regional impor- tance. While many of the RDI Fund projects are still in early stages of execution with on average 18-20 months in on-the-ground execution preliminary evidence suggests that there is already a wide range of impactful outputs and initial contributions to project-related development outcomes which have been achieved. The pathways to impact have been diverse with projects contributing to Influencing Policy Participation of the Ministry of Education in Stakeholder discussions helped inform the development of a White Paper addressing misbehaviour and violence among at-risk youth in the secondary school system. Subsequently there was an announcement by the Ministry of Education in April 2013 that TT90 million would be committed to hire 500 specialist staff to address behavioural issues among secondary school children Achieving the incorporation of instructional videos on citrus farming best practice into the Agricultural Science CSEC curriculum for the Agricultural Science course. Building Capacity Training close to 200 at-risk youth in alternative methods for conflict resolution and counseling through music therapy interventions THE UWI ST. AUGUSTINE CAMPUS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FUND